Making in India : Industry after Independence

Photographs from Indian factories in the 1950s capture a time of nation-building, industrialisation and economic growth.

When India gained Independence in 1947, modern large scale industry accounted for only 7% of the national income. To accelerate economic growth, the Government of India under the leadership of the first Prime Minister, Jawaharlal Nehru decided to undertake rapid industrialization. Resources were invested in creating large scale State-owned enterprises that would produce steel, locomotives, machine and tools, etc. The move was also seen as a step towards building self-reliance and a socialist society.

Manufacturing pencils / Photo Division, Government of India, Public Domain

Take a look at some photographs featuring factories in the 1950s – the initial phase of the Indian Industry.

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